STEM is the acronym for Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics.
The field of STEM covers traditional disciplines such as Medicine, Engineering, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics and Statistics, as well as the more specialized disciplines such as Astrophysics, Biochemistry and Genetic Engineering.
Nowadays, innovation is mainly driven by Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) disciplines. STEM skills are recognised as being key to rising to current challenges, which are leading to become knowledge-driven economies and societies.
The problem is that girls seem to lack a calling for these disciplines and they are also very under-represented on courses in the disciplines in question. Culture, education, training, recruitment practices are vectors of gender stereotypes partly to be accounted for the low level of participation of girls in STEM.